Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) have expanded in Indiana the past few years creating considerable controversy in rural communities. As existing livestock operations are expanded and new ones are sited, local leaders, residents, and the agricultural community want to know more about the operations’ impacts. What are the demographic characteristics of the owners/operators? What are characteristics of the labor force? What is the fiscal impact on county government? Are there significant environmental violations? How can land use conflicts be reduced through zoning ordinances?