Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for 

Commercial Growers 2019

Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 
The 2019 edition of the Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers is a collaboration of land-grant universities from eight states. It provides vegetable production information that is valid in the participating states for the current year. This includes fertility, variety, cultural, and pest management recommendations.
 
The participating states are:
  • Illinois — University of Illinois Extension publication C1373-19
  • Indiana — Purdue Extension publication ID-56
  • Iowa — Iowa State University Extension and Outreach publication FG 0600
  • Kansas — Kansas State Research and Extension publication MF3279
  • Michigan — Michigan State University Extension publication E0312
  • Minnesota — University of Minnesota Extension publication BU-07094-S
  • Missouri — University of Missouri Extension publication MX384, Lincoln University of Missouri Cooperative Extension and Research publication LUCER 01-2019
  • Ohio — Ohio State University Extension Bulletin 948

The print edition of this publication is available from the 
Purdue Extension Education StoreTo order by phone, call (765) 494-6794.

Download the complete 240-page PDF of the guide.
PDF files of individual sections appear below. 

Contents

Reference Information

Title​​​PDF Pages
What's New in 2019?
3
State Extension Educators 4
Soils Fertility and Nutrient Management 12
Crop Nutrient Requirements 13
Macronutrients 13
​Micronutrients14
Fertilizer and the Environment 16
Fertilizer Application Methods 16
​Fertilizer Rates per  Linear Bed Foot16
Liming and Soil pH 17
Transplants 23
Transplant Production 23
Transplant Containers 24
Seeding and Growing 24
Diseases
25
Seed Treatments 26
Irrigation, Mulches, Frost Controls 27
Using Plastic Mulch 27
Irrigation and Water Management 28
Frost Control 30
Pollination 30
Bees and Pollination 30
Time from Pollination to Market Maturity 33
Pesticide Information and Safety 33
Precautions with Pesticides 33
Handling Pesticides 34
Biopesticides 37
Pesticide Record-Keeping Form 38​
Organic Vegetable Production 39
Production Tables 41​

Yields of Vegetable Crops 41
Postharvest Handling and Storage Life 42
Conversions for Liquid Pesticides
42
Germination and Growing Guide 43
Using a Plant Diagnostic Lab 44
Selected University Laboratory Services
45
Farm Labor Law Information 47
Produce Food Safety 48
Insect Management 51
Insect Management Strategies 51
​Selected Information About Recommended Insecticides54
PHIs and REIs for Insecticides 57
Plant Parasitic Nematode Management Strategies
58
Weed Management 61
Weed Management Strategies 61
Herbicide Effectiveness 68
​Selected Information About Recommended Herbicides69
PHIs and REIs for Herbicides 71
Disease Management 73
Disease Management Strategies 73
​Selected Information About Recommended Fungicides79
PHIs and REIs for Fungicides 83
Disease Forecasting Systems 84
Slug and Snail Control 84


Common and Scientific Vegetable Pest Names 85

Crop Recommendations​​

Title​PDF Pages
Asian Vegetables 94
Asparagus 88
Basil 158, 169
Beet 214
Broccoli 103
Brussels Sprouts 103
Cabbage 103
Cantaloupe 119
Carrot 214
Cauliflower 103
​Celery ​97
Collards 103
Cowpea 173
Cucumber 119
Dry Bean
173
Eggplant
138
Endive
158
Garlic
189
Herbs 158, 169
Kale  103
Leek 189
Lettuce (Head and Leaf) 158
Lima Bean 173
Mint (Peppermint and Spearmint) 184
Mustard 103
Okra 187
Onion (Bulb and Green) 189
Parsley 158
​Parsnip 214
Pea FIX ME 173
Pepper 141
Potato 199
Pumpkin 114
Radish
214


Rhubarb 211
Snap Bean 173

Spinach 158
Squash 114
Sweet Corn 223
Sweet Potato 233
Tomato 145
Turnip 214
Turnip Greens 103
Watermelon 119
Change History

​Date​Section(s)​​Change Description
11-30-17
ALL
All PDFs for 2018 edition posted
​4-16-2018​Disease ManagementCorrected the greenhouse use label for azoxystrobin + difenoconazole​ (Quadris Top®).
​4-16-2018​Fruiting Vegetables​Added Luna Sensation® and Luna Tranquility® for control of several diseases.
​4-16-2018​Sweet Corn​Pounce 25WP® is a restricted use pesticide for European corn borer, corn earworm, and fall armyworm control
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