Flooding affects more people worldwide than any other type of natural disaster. Urbanization and climate change are two trends that are likely to increase the magnitude and frequency of flood hazards and exposure in populated regions around the world. A new article examines how 3 cities, Portland, Oregon; Seoul, South Korea; and Tokyo, Japan—which have different histories of land development and flood severity— have managed flood risk. Using a combined framework of social learning with an integrated social–ecological–technological systems (SETS) lens, they show what components of SETS have been emphasized and how flood risk management strategies have diversified over time.
Chang,H, D.J. Yu, S.A. Markolf, C. Hong, S. Eom, W. Song, and D. Bae (2021). Understanding urban flood resilience in the Anthropocene: a social–ecological–technological systems (SETS) learning framework. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 111:3, 837-857.