Benchmarking Repayment Capacity Measures
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This article is one of a series of financial management articles that examine financial statements and financial analysis. In this article, repayment capacity measures are illustrated for a case farm and discussed.
Table 1 contains the definitions of the pertinent repayment capacity measures. This table also contains values for a case farm in west central Indiana. The case farm values were obtained from the balance sheet, the income statement, and the sources and uses of funds statement, all of which are illustrated in other articles in this series. Repayment capacity measures include capital debt repayment capacity, capital debt repayment margin, replacement margin, term-debt coverage ratio, and replacement margin coverage ratio.
Capital debt replacement capacity, capital debt replacement margin, and replacement margin measure a farm’s ability to repay debt and replace assets. These three ratios are calculated sequentially. The replacement margin will be positive if the farm can cover all debt payments and replace assets. For this ratio to be positive, capital debt repayment capacity (net farm income plus depreciation plus interest on term debt minus family living withdrawals minus income and self-employment taxes) must be greater than principal and interest payments, and net asset purchases (asset purchases minus asset sales).
The term-debt coverage ratio provides a measure of the farm’s ability to cover all term debt. The greater the ratio over 1, the greater the margin to cover term debt obligations. The replacement margin coverage ratio measures a farm’s ability to cover term debt and asset purchases. The greater the ratio over 1, the greater the margin to cover term debt and asset purchases.
Table 2 summarizes the case farm values for the repayment capacity measures. The repayment capacity measures suggest that the case farm has sufficient funds to cover debt obligations and asset purchases. In particular, it is important to note that the replacement margin is positive and that the replacement margin coverage ratio is greater than one.
This article defined, described, and illustrated repayment capacity measures for a case farm. The case farm had sufficient funds to cover debt obligations and asset purchases. Other articles in the financial management series discuss profitability and financial efficiency benchmarks, crop machinery benchmarks, and labor benchmarks.