Eileen Kladivko

Dr. Eileen J. Kladivko

Department of Agronomy
Professor of Agronomy
Office Location: Lilly Hall, Room# 3-371
Staff Hire Date: 1982
Cover Crops      Drainage

Area of Expertise:

Soil Physics, Soil Health and Management

Curriculum Vitae
What Happens When You Till?

cover crops: Benefits & risks 

nightcrawlers & soil water flow

 Selecting Cover Crops

Dr. Eileen J. Kladivko is Professor of Agronomy at Purdue University, where she teaches and does research and extension work in soil physics, soil biology, and soil management. Her overall research focus has been to identify soil management systems that improve environmental quality and promote agricultural sustainability. Specific research areas have included tile drainage and water quality; the interactions of earthworms, soil management, and soil physical properties; conservation tillage and cover crops for soil quality improvement; and preferential flow of chemicals through soils. She is a founding member of the Midwest Cover Crops Council
Research & Extension 

awards & honors

  • 2022 | Spirit of the Land Grant Award, Purdue College of Agriculture
  • 2022 | Certificate of Distinction, Purdue Agricultural Alumni Association
  • 2019 | Fellow, American Society of Agronomy
  • 2018 | No-Till Innovator Award: Research and Education. Awarded by No-Till Farmer at the National No-Till Conference (January 10, 2019 in Indianapolis, IN)
  • 2017 | S.H. Phillips Distinguished Lecture in No-Till Agriculture, University of Kentucky
  • 2003 | Fellow, Soil Science Society of America


  • Agronomy 465 - Soil Physical Properties
  • Agronomy 560 - Soil Physics

professional experience

  • Visiting Scientist, USDA-ARS National Soil Tilth Lab, Ames, Iowa, 2003
  • Visiting Scientist, CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra, Australia, 2003
  • Visiting Scientist, Agricultural Univ. of Krakow, Krakow, Poland; Warsaw Agric. Univ., Warsaw,
  • Poland; Agricultural Univ of Godollo, Godollo, Hungary; and Agric. Univ. of Poznan, Poznan, Poland, 1995-1996
  • Professor, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University, 1994-present
  • Associate Professor, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University, 1988-1994
  • Visiting Scientist, Dept. of Soil and Environ. Sciences, Univ. of California-Riverside, 1988-1989
  • Assistant Professor, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University, 1982-1988
  • Graduate Research Assistant, Soil Science Dept., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1978-1982
  • Visiting Research Scientist, Institute for Soil Biochemistry, Braunschweig, Federal Republic of
  • Germany (von Humboldt Scholar), 1977-1978
  • Research Associate, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University, 1977
  • NSF Graduate Fellow, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University, 1975-1977


  • B.S. Purdue University | 1975
  • M.S. Purdue University | 1977
  • Ph.D. University of Wisconsin | 1982

Significant Publications

Mackay, A.D., and E.J. Kladivko. 1985. Earthworms and rate of breakdown of soybean and maize residues in soil. Soil Biol. Biochem. 17:851-857.

J., G.E. VanScoyoc, E.J. Monke, K.M. Oates, and W. Pask. 1991. Pesticide and nutrient movement into subsurface tile drains on a silt loam soil in Indiana. J. Environ. Qual. 20:264-270

Kladivko, E.J., J. Grochulska, R.F. Turco, G.E. VanScoyoc, and J.D. Eigel. 1999. Pesticide and nitrate transport into subsurface tile drains of different spacings. J. Environ. Qual. 28:997-1004.

Kung, K.-J.S., E.J. Kladivko, T.J. Gish, T.S. Steenhuis, G. Bubenzer, and C.S. Helling. 2000. Quantifying preferential flow by breakthrough of sequentially-applied tracers: Silt loam soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 64:1296-1304.

Kladivko, E.J., L.C. Brown, and J.L. Baker. 2001. Pesticide transport to subsurface tile drains in humid regions of North America. Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Tech. 31:1-62.

Kladivko, E.J., J.R. Frankenberger, D.B. Jaynes, D.W. Meek, B.J. Jenkinson, and N.R. Fausey. 2004. Nitrate leaching to subsurface drains as affected by drain spacing and changes in crop production system. J. Environ. Qual. 33:1803-1813

Wang, X., J.R. Frankenberger, and E.J. Kladivko. 2006. Uncertainties in DRAINMOD predictions of subsurface drain flow for an Indiana silt loam using GLUE methodology. Hydrol. Process. 20:3069-3084.

Kladivko, E. J., Kaspar, T., Jaynes, D., Malone, R., Singer, J., Morin, X., & Searchinger, T. (2014). Cover crops in the upper midwestern United States: Potential adoption and reduction of nitrate leaching in the Mississippi River Basin. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 69(4), pp. 279-291.

Negm, L., Youssef, M., Skaggs, R., Chescheir, G., & Kladivko, E. J. (2014). DRAINMOD-DSSAT simulation of the hydrology, nitrogen dynamics, and plant growth of a drained corn field in Indiana. J. Irrig. Drain Eng., 140.

Kladivko, E. J., Gerber, C., & Plus 44 other contributors (2014). Midwest cover crops field guide (2nd edition). (ID-433), (p. 161).

Daigh, A., Helmers, M., Kladivko, E. J., Zhou, X., Goecken, R., Cavadini, J., ... Sawyer, J. (2014). Soil water during the drought of 2012 as affected by rye cover crops in fields in Iowa and Indiana. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 69(6), pp. 564-573.

Kalcic, M., Chaubey, I., Frankenberger, J., & Kladivko, E. J. (2012). A geospatial approach to targeting constructed wetlands for nitrate removal in agricultural watersheds. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 28, pp. 347-357.

Mitchell, Kevin S. 2020. Long-term effects of subsurface drain spacing on soil physical and chemical properties. M.S. Thesis, Purdue University. 114 pp.

Welage, Daniel. 2020. Long-term subsurface drainage effects on soil physical and hydraulic properties. M.S. Thesis, Purdue University. 118 pp.

Kladivko, E. J., & Bowling, L. C. (2021). Long-term impacts of drain spacing, crop management, and weather on nitrate leaching to subsurface drains. Journal of Environmental Quality, 50, 627–638. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/jeq2.20215