Skip Ribbon Commands Skip to main content

Acronyms & Definitions

Purdue Extension > Small Farms > Acronyms & Definitions

Acronyms & Definitions



  • Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)
    According to the United States Department of Agriculture, CSA’s consist of a community of individuals who pledge support to a farm operation so that the farmland becomes, either legally or spiritually, the community’s farm, with the growers and consumers providing mutual support and sharing the risks and benefits of food production. Members or shareholders of the farm or garden pledge in advance to cover the anticipated costs of the farm operation and farmer’s salary. In return, they receive shares in the farm’s bounty throughout the growing season, as well as satisfaction gained from reconnecting to the land. Members also share in risks, including poor harvest due to unfavorable weather or pests.

  • Organic Production
    A production system that is managed in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act and regulations to respond to site-specific conditions by integrating cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity.

  • Sustainable Agriculture
    An integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will over the long-term:
    1. satisfy human food and fiber needs,
    2. enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agriculture economy depends,
    3. make the most efficient use of nonrenewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls,
    4. sustain the economic viability of farm operations,
    5. enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.

  • Value-Added
    Any agricultural commodity or product that:
      1. has undergone a change in physical state;
      2. was produced in a manner that enhances the value of the agricultural commodity or product,
      3. is physically segregated in a manner that results in the enhancement of the value of the Agricultural Commodity;
      4. is a source of farm- or ranch-based renewable energy, including E-85 fuel; or
      5. is aggregated and marketed as a locally-produced agricultural food product;
    1. AND
    2. as a result of the change in physical state or the manner in which the Agricultural Commodity was produced, marketed, or segregated:
      1. the customer base for the agricultural commodity is expanded;
      2. and
      3. a greater portion of the revenue derived from the marketing, processing, or physical segregation of the agricultural commodity is available to the producer of the commodity or product.