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Purdue Extension > Small Farms > Grapes

Indiana has more than 650 acres of wine grapes in production and new vineyards are being established each year. The state has more than 70 wineries that produce more than 1 million gallons of wine each year. The Purdue Wine Grape Team supports the grape and wine industry through research, education, and marketing development. Purdue’s Wine Grape Team’s website provides links to its enology, viticulture, marketing and promotional activities.
The Indiana Wine Grape Council provides funding and oversight for the program. For grape production guidance see the series of publications and links below in categories such as Grape Production,Pest Management,Economics and MarketingProduce Quality, and More Resources​ The link to the eXtension website ( will take you to a new national database of grape growing information.

If you have comments or questions, please contact Bruce Bordelon ( 

​​​Grape Production                                                                                                                                          
  • Midwest Grape Production Guide (OSU Bul. 919
  • Growing Grapes in Indiana (HO-45) offers information on grapes as a plant, selecting a site for establishing a vineyard and which grape cultivars to grow. The publication has a table that offers information on different grape cultivars for Indiana, the cultivar name, color, principle use, approximate season, degree of cold hardiness and relative disease susceptibility. In addition, the publication provides helpful information on laying out a vineyard, planting, trellising and developing training systems for grapevines. Fiinally, the publication offers vineyard management including weed and pest control as well as pruning information.
  •  Grape Varieties for Indiana (HO-221): explores the different grape varieties for successful production in Indiana and all parts of the Midwest and includes pictures of each varietal. This publication looks at the major climatic factors affecting Indiana grape production and highlights the importance of matching a variety’s characteristics to a potential vineyard site’s climate.
Other Resources
  • For a link of nurseries and supplies for vineyards follow the link: Nurseries and Suppliers for Vineyards (pdf)
  • “Grape Crop Profile for Grapes in Indiana” offers general production information for growing grapes in Indiana. The publication was prepared in November 1999 to offer overall information on starting and managing a vineyard. The publication also offers a map of Indiana showing where grapes were growing as of 1999. Finally, the publication highlights different disease grapes are susceptible to and weeds often found in vineyards with coordinating pictures and descriptions. Grape Crop Profile - IN
  • Cornell University’s information bulletin “Wine and Juice Grape Varieties for Cool Climates” offers an encompassing publication on cool climate grapes. The bulletin highlights the different cool climate grapes, how to identify insects, weeds and diseases related to grape growing and various cultural practices for grape growing : Wine and Juice Grape Varieties for Cool Climates - NY
  • North Carolina State University offers a 196-page publication to offer winegrape growers practical information on choosing an appropriate site for a vineyard. The 14 chapters highlight a variety of grape growing topics from finances to grape nutrition to water demands to pruning. This link allows users to see all 14 chapters and select from a list with labeled chapter topics: Mid-Atlantic Wine Grape Growers's Guide

The Ohio State University offers a “Midwest Grape Production Guide” for $22.50. The manual includes instructions for grape growers on how to best establish, manage, harvest and market grapes.
The two publications below, one from Purdue University and one from The Ohio State University provide Midwest guides for managing and spraying small fruits and grapes. Information in this publication can provide strategies for small fruit diseases, insects pests and weeds. In addition, the “Midwest Small Fruit Pest Management Handbook” offers pesticide safety, sprayer calibration, plant nutrition and weed identification information:
Controlling Pests in the Home Fruit Planting (ID-146)Despite the joys of raising fruit there are many challenges that accompany and fruit growers are familiar with the possibility of fruit crops being attacked by a wide variety of insect and disease pests and prone to environmental damage. This publication provides homeowners with information they need to succesfully produce an ample amount of crop (apples, pears, peaches, plums, cherries, grapes, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, currants, gooseberries).

Pest Management Strategic Plan for the North Central Region A strategic pest management plan was developed in 2007 for the North Central grape production region (which includes Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri and Arkansas). The publication focuses on pest management for growing grapes for wine, juice and the fresh market. The information from this publication was derived from a meeting among juice and grape growers from across the region, research and extension staff from universities and state and federal government representatives to discuss the utility of pesticides and pest management strategies for grape production in the North Central region.


Purdue horticulture extension specialist Bruce Bordelon, Ph.D., provides and overview of the Midwestern grape production. The publication emphasizes the increase in wineries across the Midwest, analyzes the economics of vineyard establishment and grape production, and provides enterprise budgets for a typical 10-acre vineyard. The budgets consider the varying costs in land, labor, machinery and materials but also offer realistic numbers and financial forecasts for establishing a vineyard

Economics of Winegrape Production (pdf)

The following three budgets from the University of Kentucky offer a detailed spreadsheet with quanitity, unit and total cost amounts. In addition, the spreadsheets have a column for prospective or current vineyard owners to add in their own estimate of the costs. The budgets are for the first five years of establishing a vineyard.

The following wine grape price surveys provide information for grape producers on the prices of grapes. Often this information can be difficult to gather for grape producers. The surveys collect price information from 590 wineries in Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee and Virginia. The surveys discuss winery sizes, grape procurement, grape purchasing and sales, collaboration in the industry and marketing strategies.

The Ohio State University has two grape enterprise budgets available for download. The two Microsoft Excel budgets are for growing French hybrid varietals and table grapes. The budgets were developed in 2001 and 2003.

Grape Enterprise Budget - Ohio

The United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers information on grading, certification and verification of fruits, vegetables, nuts and other specialty crops. The following link has information on table grapes (European or Vinifera), grape juice (Europeran or Vinifera) and American grapes. In addition, the USDA offers information on the standards overall of table grapes, grapes that are used specifically for juice and standards for grades of American bunch grapes.