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April 21
Urban forestry specialist shares resources with Arbor Rangers
Feast Like a Hellbender

​Lindsey Purcell, Purdue urban forestry specialist, teams up with Arbor Rangers to help educate and train youths about the field of arboriculture. In celebrating Arbor Day April 24th, many in Indiana are using this opportunity to encourage environmental awareness and responisble management of our precious natural resources to the youths of today.

Check out the Arbor Rangers web site. You will find:
2015 Arbor Day Poster Contest
Teacher and Parent Resources
Music
Videos

Team includes:
Jeff Harris, creator and CEO of Arbor Rangers, LLC
International Society of Arboriculture (ISA)
Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA)
Indaian Urban Forest Council (IUFC)
Keep Indianapolis Beautiful (KIB)

Lindsey Purcell​, Urban Forestry Specialist
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University​

April 21
Twas the day before Arbor Day
Erin Hipskind, forestry student

'Twas the day before Arbor Day, when all through the park
Not a creature was stirring, no chirp, squeak, or bark;
The birds were perched on the utility wires with care,
In hopes that many trees soon would be there;
All types of squirrels, gray, fox, and red;
Had visions of oak trees dancing in their head;
And mamma with her overalls, and I my work jeans,
Were prepared and ready to make the park green,

When out in the park there arose such a clatter,
I sprang to my window to see what was the matter.
Away out my door I flew like a flash,
Running to the crowd that was gathered ‘round the ash.

The dead looking tree with no leaves to show,
Gave a glimmer of midday through its branches to objects below,
When what to my wondering eyes came ‘round the corner with ease,
But a miniature truck and in the bed, eight tiny trees,

With a little old driver so lively and quick,
I knew in a moment it must be Mayor Nick.
The trees looking so healthy and flourishing as they came,
He whistled, and shouted, and called them by name:

"White Oak! Red Cedar! Silver Maple and Black Cherry!
Cottonwood, Black Walnut, American Beech and Hackberry!
It is time to grab your gloves, shovels, and spades!” He did call,
“Now plant away! Plant away! Plant away all!"

With his blueprints out he started to show,
Where in the park each tree would go;
So excited and anxious with all my gear I flew
To the truck full of trees, and Mayor Nicolas too.

And then, in a moment, I heard on the road
The roaring of more trucks with trees overflowed.
As I lifted my head, and was turning around,
The city forester and many arborists came with a bound.

Mayor Nick had called in the professionals to help us out,
So we all would understand what this project was all about.
“Before we start planting, I want to explain
the benefits from these trees the city will gain!
Trees increase property value and improve living conditions.
They also relieve stress and help with CO2 emissions.
Better air and water quality, and sound barriers, too,
And the best part is the beautiful new view!”

After Mayor Nick’s speech, the city forester stepped in
“Whose ready to plant some trees?” He said with a grin.
The crowd cheered and the project was now on its way
Making the park beautiful and green in honor of Arbor Day.

First thing we had to do, was remove the dead trees.
The park was originally filled with ash, which was a feast for EAB.
The arborists cut all the trees down one by one.
There was so much help, in no time the cleanup was done.
As we finally started planting, the professionals came around
Making sure we were putting the trees properly into the ground.
I learned that you cut and remove only 1/3-1/2 of the B&B,
Then, you check the roots, the most important part of the tree.

If the tree has spiraling roots, all four sides must be sawed,
So the tree’s way of nutrient uptake and anchorage is not flawed.
It is also important that the root flare is not below the soil line,
Many people tend to bury it, thinking their tree will be fine.

Before planting your tree, consider the tree’s full-grown size.
Improper planting can cause the tree to die otherwise.
I’m so glad I decided to volunteer today
I learned so much about planting trees the right way!

After countless hours of hard work and sweat,
Mayor Nick’s goals for the park were finally met.
He thanked everyone, and as he drove out of sight,
He shouted “Happy Arbor Day to all, and to all a good night!”​

Resources:
FNR Majors & Minors, Purdue FNR
Prospective Students, Purdue FNR
We Know Nature!, FNR-This is Your Class Project Video

​Erin Hipskind, Forestry Student
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University

April 20
Record the sounds around you-Earth Day April 22
Earth Day Festival, Global Soundscapes

In 2014 Dr. Bryan Pijanowski launched the Center for Global Soundscapes with a mission to preserve the Earth's sounds and highlight their role in alerting scientists to environmental habitat changes. On Earth Day 2014 the public uploaded 3,900 natural sounds from 112 countries with the assistance of mobile device apps.

Pijanowski has a library of 1 million natural recordings from sites in Indiana, Costa Rica (La Selva Biological Station), Sonoran Desert (Arizona), Borneo (University of Brunei Darussalam Research Station), Maine (from the Wells National Estuarine Reserve) and elsewhere. The center also promotes how natural soundscapes foster a sense of place and an emotional bond between humans and nature.

Some key center projects include the development of science-related K-12 education curriculum materials, a digital IMAX show, an iListen website, the soundscapes ecology vocabulary, and expanding upon the soundscape collection archived by Pijanowski and his research team.

Join the Earth Day Soundscape Festival - April 22nd
To celebrate Earth Day and the success of the gathered Earth sounds join the team at the Soundscape Festival which will be held April 22, 2015. Activities starting at 11:00a.m. Eastern time include live music, dance performances, mobile soundscapes of biomes displays, air painters and much more. View article in Purdue News for more information.

Record the Earth for Earth Day 2015
Become a citizen scientist and record the sounds of earth. No cost and easy to do, visit Global Soundscapes.

Listen to the Recorded Earth Sounds
What does the Earth sound like today? www.globalsoundscapes.org.

More on Global Soundscapes
What is Global Soundscapes all about? View YouTube video Boiler Bytes: Global Soundscapes.

Dr. Bryan Pijanowski, Professor of Human-Environment Modeling & Analysis Laboratory
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue Univeristy

April 20
New U2U tool helps farmers understand impact of global climate patterns
Ron Rathfon with chestnut trees.

The Useful to Usable climate initiative based at Purdue University has added an online tool enabling farmers and agricultural advisers to better assess how climate patterns in other parts of the world can influence local conditions and corn yields across the Corn Belt.

The Climate Patterns Viewer can help growers make more informed farm management decisions during different phases of the El Niño Southern Oscillation and Arctic Oscillation. It relates historical events of those phases to the effects of associated precipitation and temperatures over the course of a year.

"By tapping into this historical data, growers and advisers can get a sense of what conditions might be coming during a particular ENSO or AO phase based on past experience," said Melissa Widhalm, project manager of Useful to Usable, or U2U. "The Climate Patterns Viewer is an invaluable planning tool, whether you're deciding what and when to plant, or how to deal with a cooler and shorter growing season."

Hans Schmitz, Purdue Extension educator and agricultural meteorologist, noted that certain areas of the Corn Belt can be quite a bit drier, wetter, warmer or cooler than average because of the ENSO and AO oscillations.

"The ability to look at the historical effect month-by-month better influences management decisions this growing season," he said.

More information about this and other U2U tools is available on the U2U website at agclimate4u.org​​.

Resources:
National Institute of Food and Agriculture, (NIFA)
Indiana Small Farm Conference, Purdue Department of Agriculture
Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation: Challenges and Opportunities for Agriculture, The Education Store

Melissa Widhalm, Useful to Usable Project Manager
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources

April 20
Splicing Workshop

This is a two day splicing class with Phil Whitten and Nick Araya. Participants will be given a choice between following: an advanced master class track or a splicing basics track. Splicing basics track will consist of Splicing Fundamentals, 16-strand and 24-strand splice, and time to work on custom projects. The master class track will be self driven with participants choosing custom projects to work on while receiving guidance, advice and assistance as well as advanced technical tips from instructors. Participants will also recieve $200 in-store credit to purchase supplies for splicing projects.

When: May 16-17, 2015
Registration: TreeStuff.com
Cost: $350.00

Resources
Indiana Arborist Association
Purdue Tree Doctor (Android App) - The Education Store
Purdue Tree Doctor (iOS App) - The Education Store

 

Lindsey Purcell​, Urban Forestry Specialist
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University​

April 13
The Decline, Fall and Restoration of the American Chestnut
Ron Rathfon with chestnut trees.

​The American chestnut was once one of the most common tree species in eastern U.S. forests. It was a majestic tree, rivaling all other species in stature. Since the introduction of chestnut blight in the early 20th century, it has been reduced to a small number of scattered, yet diseased survivors.

Join us on either date and become a part of the movement to restore this magnificent tree to Indiana’s forests. You may choose to participate in any one of these events or both.

Wednesday, April 22, 2015 9am — 12pm
Planting American chestnut hybrid seedlings at INTACF's, Indiana Chapter-The American Chestnut Foundation, southern test orchard at Southern Indiana Purdue Agricultural Center.

Tuesday, April 28, 2015 7pm — 8:30pm
Lecture detailing the history, uses, ecology, decline, early rescue efforts, current breeding program, and future restoration of the iconic American chestnut.

Where: Southern Indiana Purdue Agricultural Center (SIPAC), 11371 East Purdue Farm Road, Dubois, IN 47527.

Resources:
Indiana Chapter of the American Chestnut Foundation (INTACF)
American Chestnut Foundation
Chestnut Blight​, Purdue Plant & Pest Diagnostic Laboratory
Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center​ (HTIRC)

Ron Rathfon, Regional Extension Forester
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources

April 13
Northern Long-Eared Bat Listed as Threatened
Bat, northern long-eared bat threatened species.

"The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced today it is protecting the northern long-eared bat as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), primarily due to the threat posed by white-nose syndrome, a fungal disease that has devastated many bat populations.

At the same time, the Service issued an interim special rule that eliminates unnecessary regulatory requirements for landowners, land managers, government agencies and others in the range of the northern long-eared bat. The public is invited to comment on this interim rule as the Service considers whether modifications or exemptions for additional categories of activities should be included in a final 4(d) rule that will be finalized by the end of the calendar year. The Service is accepting public comments on the proposed rule until July 1, 2015 and may make revisions based on additional information it receives.

“Bats are a critical component of our nation’s ecology and economy, maintaining a fragile insect predator-prey balance; we lose them at our peril,” said Service Director Dan Ashe. “Without bats, insect populations can rise dramatically, with the potential for devastating losses for our crop farmers and foresters. The alternative to bats is greater pesticide use, which brings with it another set of ecological concerns.”

In the United States, the northern long-eared bat is found from Maine to North Carolina on the Atlantic Coast, westward to eastern Oklahoma and north through the Dakotas, reaching into eastern Montana and Wyoming. Throughout the bat’s range, states and local stakeholders have been some of the leading partners in both conserving the long-eared bat and addressing the challenge presented by white-nose syndrome." Read more...

Resources
Northern Long-Eared Bat - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Bats - The Education Store
Impacts of White-Nose Syndrome on a Bat Community Near the Indianapolis Airport - Indiana Department of Natural Resources

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

April 08
Plant for the sun-choose, plant trees wisely for energy efficiency

Trees offer many functional and aesthetic benefits, but one of the most common is shade. Because of this, one of the most important aspects of tree selection and planting is placement. Improper placement of trees can diminish the value of the tree on the site. The tree can actually become a liability if it conflicts with infrastructure or just does not providing any useful shade at all. For shade where it’s needed most that also allows passive solar gain in the winter months, you must use an energy efficient design.

Tree Shade Diagram

Figure 1  (Diagram by Greg Pierceall)

In this hemisphere, the sun is in the south and the source of cold weather is in the north. Whenever possible, place openings for sunlight and radiant heat primarily on the southern exposure, then on the west and east. For energy efficiency in winter, use the low arc of the sun to capture the maximum amount of warmth through east-, west-, and south-facing windows. Windows with a northern exposure are a source of cool air from prevailing winds during the hot months. So, give the north minimum exposure and maximum natural protection in the winter.

When selecting trees for energy efficiency, don’t plant evergreen trees near the house on southern exposures. Trees may provide some shade and screening, but will also block out the warming effects of the sun during winter months. When choosing trees for shade and solar gain, choose larger, deciduous-canopy trees, which provide an advantage year round. Select good quality trees that are suitable for your location from a reputable source. See the publication FNR-433-W on the Education Store website for more information on tree selection and planting.

Correct placement is critical for an energy-efficient design and low maintenance as the tree grows and matures. Be certain that the mature height and spread fit the location before placing the tree. This allows the tree freedom to spread into the design space naturally without excessive pruning to prevent conflicts with the house. However, the tree still must be close enough to the house for the canopy to provide shade. A good rule of thumb to plant the tree at least 20 feet from the house. For larger shade trees, you may need to plant as far as 40 feet from the house to insure room for growth (Figure 1).

Trees help make homes energy-efficient by creating a cooling effect during the hot summer months or by allowing the passive solar gain during cold winter months. However, proper selection and placement is critical to make this work.

Resources
Tree Installation: Process and Practices - The Education Store
Tree Planting Instructions - Indiana Department of Natural Resources
Planting & Transplanting Landscape Trees and Shrubs​ - Department of Horticulture, Purdue University

Lindsey Purcell, Urban Forestry Specialist
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University​​

April 07
Soundscape Ecology - Record Your Earth Sounds

Soundscape EcologyThe Purdue Global Center for Soundscape Ecology has been recognized by PBS. NOVA, a documentary series focused on science and department of PBS, interviewed Bryan Pijanowski, Professor of Human-Environment Modeling and Analysis Laboratory, and Matt Harris, Graduate Research Assistant, to learn more on the subject and to share this story on the NOVA site in video format. Soundscape ecology is the study of how the environment changes by studying the sounds within that environment. ​

Anyone can be a citizen scientist and download their "sounds of earth" to the soundscape ecology database. There is no cost and it is easy to do. Just visit the web site for instructions, Record the Earth.

Take a look at the Soundscape Ecology video on NOVA's site. 

Resources
Soundscape Ecology Research Projects, Forestry and Natural Resources
Purdue Boiler Bytes highlights Discovery Park Global Soundscape Research Center led by FNR's Dr. Bryan Pijanowski, Got Nature?
Soundscape Recorder (Android App), The Education Store
Soundscape Recorder (iOS App), The Education Store

Bryan Pijanowski, Professor of Human-Environment Modeling and Analysis Laboratory
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources

April 06
Locations to dispose of unwanted meds
"Community medicine collection programs make it easy for people to rid their homes of unwanted pharmaceuticals, but they can be difficult to get off the ground. That's where our Unwanted Meds team comes in. They have helped police departments across Illinois and Indiana establish collection programs and raise awareness of the importance of proper disposal.
 
In the Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant (IISG) Community Spotlight feature, we look at West Lafayette Police Department's Prescription/Over-the-Counter Drug Take Back (Rx/OTC) program. In 2010, Officer Janet Winslow started the wildly successful take-back program, one that has no doubt had a dramatic impact on the community and the environment." Full article

Resources
How to dispose of unwanted medicine and personal care products - Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant 
Unwanted Medicine - Indiana government
Hoosier Home Remedies​ - The Education Store
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HelptheHellbender.org

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