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Cabbage Grading Guide

Horticulture & Landscape Architecture > Fruit and Vegetable Connection > Cabbage Grading Guide
Grading Guide: Cabbage sizes | packs |
Illustrated Criteria for USDA US No. 1 Cabbage

A USDA US No. 1 Cabbage is:

Cabbage of one variety or similar varietal characteristics Reasably Solid Well Formed Cabbage Bursting Cabbage Head

Of one variety or similar varietal characteristics

Reasonable Solidity Not withered, puffy, or burst

A USDA US No. 1 Cabbage is free from:

Soft rot on a cabbage head    
Soft Rot Seedstems  
and Damage caused by:
Damage caused by discoloration Damage Caused by Disease
Damage Caused by Insects 
Discoloration Disease Insects Damage
Mechanically Damaged Cabbage    
Mechanical or other means of damage Freezing  

A USDA US No. 1 Cabbage has:

Stem not extending more than one-half inch beyond attachment of outermost leaves
Stems do not extend more than one-half inch beyond attachment of outermost leaves

Classification of defects.

Factor Definition  
Similar Varietal Characteristics Cabbage shall have the same general characteristics
Reasonable Solidity Fairly firm for pointed type cabbage and southern Domestic cabbage. Northern Domestic type cabbage and Danish or Hollander type cabbage shall be firm. Applied to Savoy cabbage means not soft or puffy.
Puffy Heads are very light in weight in comparison to size, or have excessive air spaces in the central portion. Normally feel firm at harvest time, but often soften quickly. May be called baloon heads in certain sections.
Seedstems Heads which have seed stalks showing or in which the formation of seed stalks has plainly begun.
Damage Any injury or defect which materially affects appearance, or the edible or shipping quality. Worm injury on the outer head leaves or wrapper leaves which materially affects the appearance of the head or worm holes which extend deeply into the compact portion of the head shall be considered as damage.
Well Trimmed The head shall not have more than four wrapper leaves.
Fairly Well Trimmed The head shall not have mor than seven wrapper leaves.
Wrapper Leaves Leaves which do not enfold the head fiarly tightly more than two-thirds the distance from teh base to the top.
Reasonably Firm The head is not soft and is of reasonable weight for its size but may have considerable open spaces between the leaves in the lower portion of the head.
Serious Damage Any injury or defect which seriously affects the appearance or the edible or shipping quality. Cabbage affected by soft rot or which is seriously puffy, badly burst or seriously injured by seedstems, discoloration, freezing, disease, insects mechanical or other means shall be considered seriously damaged. Worm injury on the outer head leaves or wrapper leaves which seriously affects the appearance of the heads, or worm holes which seriously affect the compact portion of the head shall be regarded as serious dmage.

C. Gunter and T. Campbell, North Carolina State University. 2008. Based on US Standards for grades of Cabbage, 1945. Reprinted January 1997.

 

 

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