This is modified from the Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers​ (ID-56) as an introduction to the production practices of pumpkins. For more information, see the ID-56 or contact a SWPAP specialist.  


Cucurbit Vegetables — Squash and Pumpkin




Summer Squash

Golden Zucchini

Goldfinger, Gold Rush, Golden Delight


Middle Eastern

Lita, Bonita


Yellow Crookneck

Dixie, Prelude 2


Yellow Straightneck

Lemondrop L, Multipick, General Patton, Monet, Liberator III



Revenue, Dividend, Spineless Beauty, Jaguar, Puma, Independence III

Winter Squash


Table Ace, Seneca Autumn Queen, Taybelle, Table Star (PM*), Mesa Queen



Butternut Supreme, Zenith, Waltham, Early Butternut, Butterboy



Autumn Cup, BonBon, Buttercup, Burgess, Sweet Mama (Kabocha hybrid)



Blue Hubbard, Red Kuri (small, red fruits)



Vegetable Spaghetti, Tivoli



Bush Delicata, Sugar Loaf, Carnival, Sweet Dumpling



Apprentice (PM*), Baby Boo (white), Gold Dust (PM*), Gold Speck (PM*), Jack Be Little, Mini-Jack, Munchkin, Sweetie Pie, Wee-B Little


Small size

Baby Bear, Cannonball (PM*), Hybrid Pam, Iron Man (PM*), Mystic Plus (PM*), Oz, Prankster (PM*), Small Sugar, Spookie, Spooktacular


For trial

Field Trip (PM*), Gargoyle (PM*)


Medium size

Gold Fever, Gold Standard, Magician (PM*), Sorcerer, Tom Fox, Wizard


For trial

New Rocket


Medium-large and large size

20 Karat Gold (PM*), Aladdin (PM*), Appalachian, Dependable, Gladiator (PM*), Gold Medallion, Harvest Time, Howden Biggie, Magic Lantern (PM*), Merlin (PM*)


For trial

18 Karat Gold (PM*), Autumn King, Big Rock, Camaro (PM*), Expert (PM*), Gold Challenger, Magic Wand (PM*), Spartan (PM*), Super Herc (PM*), Trojan, Warlock (PM*)


Very large size

Atlantic Giant, Big Max, Big Moon, Prize Winner


Specialty types

Buckskin, Fairytale, Jarradale, Rouge Vif D’Etampes (Cinderella)


Hull-less/naked seed

Trick-or-Treat, Triple Treat, Snack Jack

*PM=partially resistant to powdery mildew.

Spacing and Seeding

Bush Types: Rows 4-6 feet. apart. Plants 18-24 inches apart in row. Seed: 4-6 pounds per acre.

Vining Types: Rows 6-8 feet apart. Plants 2-5 feet apart in row. Seed: 2-3 pounds per acre.


Lime: To maintain a soil pH of 6.0-6.8.

Preplant: N: 50 pounds per acre; P2O5: 0-150 pounds per acre; K2O: 0-200 pounds per acre. Adjust according to soil type, previous management, and soil test results for your state. For summer squash transplants, a starter solution at a rate of 1 cup (8 ounces) per plant is recommended. See page 8 for fertilizer type suggestions. If the transplant flat receives a heavy fertilizer feeding just prior to setting, the starter solution can be eliminated.

Sidedress N: For soils with more than 3 percent organic matter and following soybeans, alfalfa, or a grass-legume hay crop, no N is needed. For soils with less than 3 percent organic matter with the same rotation or a rotation of corn, rye, oats, wheat, or a vegetable crop, apply 30-40 pounds N per acre when the vines begin to run. For sandy soils, the preplant N application can be replaced by an early sidedressing of 40 pounds N per acre when the plants show the first set of true leaves. Apply the second sidedressing of 45 pounds N per acre at onset of rapid vining.

For crops grown from transplants on plastic mulch, N losses from leaching are greatly reduced. For this culture system, apply 50 pounds N per acre broadcast preplant over the row just before laying the plastic. If sidedress N is recommended (see above), apply up to 30 pounds N per acre on either side of the plastic at vining when the plant roots have reached the edge of the plastic. If you are using trickle irrigation, apply the 50 pounds N per acre preplant, and apply 0.5-1 pound N per acre daily, or 3-6 pounds N weekly through the trickle system if additional N is needed.