FAQ and common terms

CBD oil labeled as full spectrum typically contains trace amounts of THC, but legally needs to be below the 0.3% THC threshold. These products do not go through additional refinement to remove all the THC.Some CBD products contain isolated CBD and should not contain any THC. 

Yes, hemp contains small amounts of THC, by legal definition hemp contains <0.3% delta 9THC by dry weight.

CBD oil made from CBD isolate should be THC free, look for products that say "CBD isolate" and "THC free", not full spectrum.

Hemp seed oil is obtained by using a cold press oil machine whereas CBD oil is obtained through solvent or CO2 extraction.

Hemp seed oil is from the seeds of hemp plants where CBD oil is from the glandular trichomes that exist on the outside of green plant material.

Hemp seeds are highly nutritious, and an excellent source of fiber, minerals, protein and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. 

The fiber hemp plant is known for its tall stalk. At harvest, the hemp is cut down where it lies in the field to ret, which allows the stalk to begin breaking down. Both sides of a stalk must be exposed to the elements, so it needs to be turned in the fields. The stalk is composed of two economically important parts, the bast and the hurd. Retting helps break down pectin, allowing for better separation of the bast from the hurd. A machine called a decorticator strips the bast from the hurd. The bast part of the hemp plant is a long fiber that can be used for textiles, insulation, and many other things. The hurd is often used for insulation, animal bedding.

Hemp can broadly be put into the three production categories, for the stalks, for the seeds, or for cannabinoids/terpenes. Hemp has also been grown for dual or triple purpose applications. 

When you choose the type of hemp you want to grow, you will purchase seeds or clones bred for specific purposes and will follow different growing practices.

Hemp is grown for fiber, seed, or for cannabinoids and essential oils.

No, hemp is a plant, and plants get eaten by pests and infected by diseases. We are still learning which pests and diseases are economically important, but we do know that this is not a pest or disease-free crop.

No, like any crop, hemp has its challenges and there is a learning curve. Those with plant production experience may find growing hemp easier. Liek any crop, hemp requires experience in planning, cultivation, production, pest management, harvesting, and storage. Those with a background in agricultural production will find growing hemp easier than those without a farming background. 

Not really. Hemp is grown for the production of oil, fiber, food, and for cannabinoids and essential oils and contains almost no THC. By law, it must contain less than 0.3%. By comparison, the average level of THC of marijuana purchased in Colorado contains more than 18%--60 times more THC than industrial hemp!

Hemp has been bred for tall, sturdy plants for rope and fiber, and for hearty seeds for food and oil. Marijuana was bred from Cannabis for its production of cannabinoids, the best known of which is THC.

Yes, and no. Are Chihuahuas and Great Danes the same? They are both dogs, but most people will not confuse them. Cannabis is the Latin genus name for plants that include hemp and marijuana. Just as there are tremendous differences between Chihuahuas and Great Danes, there are differences between hemp and marijuana. These differences are due, in part, to the efforts of breeders emphasizing different traits that they desire in either the Cannabis plant (or the dog).

common terms


a type of cannabis that is not dependent on change in daylength/nightl to induce flowering

Bast fiber

The outer fiber surrounding the stalk, made of cellulose and hemi-cellulose

Bucking machine

a mechanical tool to remove floral material from stems


Cannabidiol is a cannabinoid produced in Cannabis plants. Hemp grown specifically for CBD has been bred to have higher amounts of this chemical than hemp bred for grain or fiber production.

CBD oil

A product that comes from extracting cannabinoids from hemp using alcohol or hydrocarbon solvents, oil, or CO2 extraction.

Certified Seed

seed produced from a crop that has been inspected for trueness to variety (TTV), allowable limits on weeds, allowable set back distances from other hemp fields where polle and other stringent requirements. In the case of hemp grown for seed the setback li


Plant material that has been cut from a mother plant and grows its own roots


Extracted hemp material that contains CBD and other secondary plant compounds

Dual use hemp

hemp grown for both grain and fiber

Feminized Seed

Seed that has been specially treated to have a higher percentage of females


Cannabis sativa consisting of a THC content less than 0.3%

Hemp seed oil

The oil that comes from harvested hemp seeds that have been pressed. Cold presses can be used to process the seeds into culinary oil that can be found in salad dressings and other food products.


Also called the shiv, the inner woody portion of the stalk, mostly made of lignin


Extracted hemp that has gone through a further process to get pure CBD


Office of the Indiana State Chemist is the regulatory body in Indiana that distributes hemp licenses and tests for THC content in hemp

PCR Hemp

Phytocannabinoid rich hemp. A PCR hemp oil will have all the other cannabinoids included in the final product. This may also be called full-spectrum oil.

Photoperiod dependent

plants will start producing reproductive structures at a specific daylength. Vegetative growth slows.


The decomposition and drying processing required to breakdown the connection between the bast and the hurd. Dissolving the pectineus substances that bind the stem together can be accomplished through field "dew" retting, water retting, or chemical retting.


Tetrahydrocannabinol, a cannabinoid produces in C. sativa plants. This cannabinoid is present in high amounts in non-hemp cannabis.


Hair-like structures on the surface of the plant. Plants can have structural and glandular trichomes, which can serve as deterrents. Glandular trichomes on hemp produce chemical compounds,  including the acidic form of cannabinoids, as well as terpenes. There are two types of glandular trichomes found on Cannabis plants, sessile- and capitate-stalked.

Triple Crop

Hemp that will be grown and processed for grain, fiber, and cannabinoids.

hemp stalk split open to see fibers “Hanfstengel” by User:Natrij – Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.