Dr. Doug Jacobs standing in leaves.


(* indicates co-author was a graduate student at the time the research was conducted; ** indicates co-author was an undergraduate student; + indicates co-author was a post-doctoral scientist, ++ indicates co-author was a visiting scientist)

*Brennan AN, Ma Z, Jacobs DF. 2023. Perceptions of land managers towards using hybrid and genetically modified trees. New Forests 54:605-636.

Jacobs DF, Dumroese RK, Brennan AN, Campbell FT, Conrad AO, Delborne JA, Fitzsimmons S, Flores D, Giardina CP, Greenwood L, Martín JA, Merkle SA, Nelson CD, Newhouse AE, Powell WA, Romero-Severson J, Showalter DN, Sniezko RA, Strauss SH, Westbrook J, Woodcock P. 2023. Reintroduction of at-risk forest tree species using biotechnology depends on regulatory policy, informed by science and with public support. New Forests 54:587-604.

Chu S, Xian L, Lai C, Yang W, Long M, Liao D, Ouyang J, Wang Z, Jacobs DF, Zeng S. 2023. Combined addition of bagasse and zeolite stabilizes potentially toxic elements in sewage sludge compost and improve Eucalyptus urophylla seedling growth. Forest Ecology and Management 539:121003.

Feng J, Yang Y, Ruan K, Xu Y, Wu D, Jacobs DF, Zeng S. 2023. Combined application of sewage sludge, bagasse, and molybdenum tailings ameliorates rare earth mining wasteland soil. Journal of Soils and Sediments 23:1775–1788

Luiz BC et al. 2023. Framework for establishing a Rapid ‘Ōhi‘a Death resistance program. New Forests 54:637-660. 

Mariotti B, Martini S, Raddi S, Ugolini F, Oliet JA, Jacobs DF, Maltoni A. 2023. Cultivation using a coir substrate and P or K enriched fertilizer provides higher resistance to drought in ecologically diverse Quercus species. Plants 12:525.

Mechergui T, Pardos M, Boussaidi N, Catry FX, Jacobs DF. 2023. Problems and solutions to cork oak (Quercus suber L.) regeneration: a review. iForest 16:10-22.

Oliet JA, Planelles R, Artero A, Jacobs DF. 2023. Mesh-shelters provide more effective long-term protection than tube-shelters or mulching for restoration of Pinus halepensis in a Mediterranean arid ecosystem. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 5:1092703.

*Speetjens TM, Jacobs DF. 2023. Nutrient availability has a greater influence than pot host on seedling development of hemiparasitic Hawaiian sandalwood (Santalum paniculatum Hook. & Arn.). Forests 14:458.

*Thyroff EC, Rose KME, Idol TW, Moon Q, Burney OT, Jacobs DF. 2023. Co-planting of a fast-growing, nitrogen-fixing host tree facilitates regeneration of the root hemiparasitic ‘iliahi (Hawaiian sandalwood). Forest Ecology and Management 542:121084.

*Ebrahimi A, Abbasi AO, Liang J, Jacobs DF. 2022. Spatiotemporal trends of black walnut forest stocking under climate change. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 10:984725.

Gatti RC et al. 2022. The number of tree species on Earth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119:e2115329119.

Gustafson EJ, Miranda BR, Dreaden TJ, Pinchot CC, Jacobs DF. 2022. Beyond blight: Phytophthora root rot under climate change limits populations of reintroduced American chestnut. Ecosphere 13:e3917.

Liang J et al. 2022. Co-limitation toward lower latitudes shapes global forest diversity gradients. Nature Ecology and Evolution 6:1423–1437.

Moler ERV, +Toca A, Jacobs DF, Nelson AS. 2022. Root system adaptations represent untapped opportunities for forest tree seedling improvement. New Forests 53:1069-1091.

*Montague MS, Landhäusser SM, McNickle GG, Jacobs DF. 2022. Preferential allocation of carbohydrate reserves belowground supports disturbance- based management of American chestnut (Castanea dentata). Forest Ecology and Management 509:120078.

*Thyroff EC, Burney OT, Oliet JA, Redick CH, Jacobs DF. 2022. Toward identifying alternatives to fencing for forest restoration: tube shelters outperform mesh shelters for deer browse protection of live oak, Quercus virginiana. Land 11:966.

+Toca A, Moler, E, Nelson A, Jacobs DF. 2022. Environmental conditions in the nursery regulate root system development and architecture of forest tree seedlings: a systematic review. New Forests 53:1113-1143.

Wu D, Peng W, Bao L, Yu X, Dong X, Lai M, Liang Z, Xie S, Jacobs DF, Zeng S. 2022. Biochar alleviating heavy metals phytotoxicity in sludge-amended soil varies with plant adaptability. Environmental Research 215:114248.

*Ayala-Jacobo LM, Woeste KE, Jacobs DF. 2021. Cold acclimation increases freeze tolerance in Acacia koa, a tropical tree species occurring over a wide elevational gradient Forests 12:1089.

*Brennan AN, Uscola M, Joly RJ, Jacobs DF. 2021. Cold and heat tolerances of hybrids for restoration of the endangered Juglans cinerea. Annals of Forest Science 78:36.

Chu S, Xiax D, Liang Z, Su S, Zhao N, Wang J, Long M, Ouyang J, Liao D, Jacobs DF, Zeng S. 2021. Changes in potentially toxic element concentration and potential ecological risk in topsoil caused by sewage sludge application on forestland: a 3-year field trial. Forest Ecology and Management 500:119657.

Mechergui T, Pardos M, Jacobs DF. 2021. Effect of acorn size on survival and growth of Quercus suber L. seedlings under water stress. European Journal of Forest Research 140:175–186.

*Pang K, Woeste KE, Saunders MR, McKenna JR, Mickelbart MV, Jacobs DF, Michler CH. 2021. Rapid juvenile growth in clonal Juglans nigra L. is most closely associated with early foliation, robust branch architecture, and protandry. Forest Ecology and Management 499:119590.

+Sloan JL, Salifu, KF, Jacobs DF. 2021. Nitrogen recovery from enhanced efficiency fertilizers and urea in intensively managed black walnut (Juglans nigra) plantations. Forests 12:352.

Stanturf JA, Dumroese RK, Jacobs DF. 2021. Forest landscape restoration in the USA: Present and future challenges and opportunities. In Ghazoul J and Schweizer D (eds) Forests for the future: Restoration success at landscape scale - what will it take and what have we learned? Prince Bernhard Chair Reports (issue 1). WWF-Netherlands, Zeist and Utrecht University, Netherlands. pp 120-125.

+Sugiyama A, Friday JB, Giardina CP, Jacobs DF. 2021. Intraspecific variation along an elevational gradient alters seed scarification responses in the polymorphic tree species Acacia koa. Frontiers in Plant Science 12:716678.

Wu D, Yu X, Lai M, Feng J, Dong X, Peng W, Su S, Zhang X, Wan L, Jacobs DF, ++Zeng S. 2021. Diversified effects of co-planting landscape plants on heavy metals pollution remediation in urban soil amended with sewage sludge. Journal of Hazardous Materials 403:123855.

*Brennan AN, McKenna JR, Hoban SM, Jacobs DF. 2020. Hybrid breeding for restoration of threatened forest trees: evidence for incorporating disease tolerance in Juglans cinerea. Frontiers in Plant Science 11:580693.

*Ebrahimi A, Lawson SS, McKenna JR, Jacobs DF. 2020. Morpho-physiological and genomic evaluation of Juglans species reveals regional maladaptation to cold stress. Frontiers in Plant Science 11:229.

Jacobs DF. *Davis AS, Dumroese RK, *Burney, OT. 2020. Nursery cultural techniques facilitate restoration of Acacia koa competing with invasive grass in a dry tropical forest. Forests 11:1124

++Mariotti B, Martini S, Raddi S, Tani A, Jacobs DF, Oliet, JA, Maltoni, A. 2020. Coconut coir as a sustainable nursery growing media for seedling production of ecologically diverse Quercus species. Forests 11:522.

++Medina-Villar S, +Uscola M, Pérez-Corona E, Jacobs DF. 2020. Environmental stress under climate change reduces plant performance, yet increases allelopathic potential of an invasive shrub. Biological Invasions 22:2859–2881.

*Redick CH, Jacobs DF. 2020. Mitigation of deer herbivory in temperate hardwood forest regeneration: a meta-analysis of research literature. Forests 11:1220.

*Redick CH, McKenna JR, Carlson DE, Jenkins, MA, Jacobs DF.  2020. Silviculture at establishment of hardwood plantations is relatively ineffective in the presence of deer browsing. Forest Ecology and Management 474:118339.

*Rose KME, Friday JB, Oliet JA, Jacobs DF. 2020. Canopy openness affects microclimate and performance of underplanted trees in restoration of high-elevation tropical pasturelands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 292-293:108105.

*Schempf WM, Jacobs DF. 2020. Hardwood species show wide variability in response to silviculture during reclamation of coal mine sites. Forests 11:72.

*Sigala JA, Uscola M, Oliet JA, Jacobs DF. 2020. Drought tolerance and acclimation in Pinus ponderosa seedlings: the influence of nitrogen form. Tree Physiology 40:1165-1177.

Stack S, Jones C, *Bockstette J, Jacobs DF, Landhäusser SM. 2020. Surface and subsurface material selections influence the early outcomes of boreal upland forest restoration. Ecological Engineering 144:105705.

*Toca A, Villar-Salvador P, Oliet JA, Jacobs DF. 2020. Normalization criteria determine the interpretation of nitrogen effects on the root hydraulics of pine seedlings. Tree Physiology 40:1381-1391.

Wu D, Feng J, Ouyang J, Liao D, Yu W, Wang G, Cao F, Jacobs DF, ++Zeng S. 2020. Combined application of bud and leaf growth fertilizer improves leaf flavonoids yield of Ginkgo biloba. Industrial Crops and Products 150:112379.

*Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF. 2019. Photosynthetic parameters of Juglans nigra trees are linked to cumulative water stress. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 49:752–758.

++Löf M, Madsen P, Metslaid M, Witzell J, Jacobs DF. 2019. Restoring forests: regeneration and ecosystem function for the future. New Forests 50:139-152.

Maltoni A, ++Mariotti B, Tani A, Martini S, Jacobs DF, Tognetti R. 2019. Natural regeneration of Pinus pinaster facilitates Quercus ilex survival and growth under severe deer browsing pressure. Forest Ecology and Management 432:356-364.

Mechergui T, Pardos M, Jacobs DF, Hasnaoui B. 2019. Influence of mulching and tree shelters on four-year survival and growth of zeen oak (Quercus canariensis Willd.) seedlings. Journal of Forestry Research 30:129-141.

*Rose KME, Mickelbart MV, Jacobs DF. 2019. Plasticity of phenotype and heteroblasty in contrasting populations of Acacia koa. Annals of Botany 124:399-409.

*Rose KME, Friday JB, Jacobs DF. 2019. Establishment and heteroblasty of Acacia koa in canopy gaps. Forest Ecology and Management 453:117592.

*Soto DP, Puettman KJ, Fuentes C, Jacobs DF. 2019. Regeneration niches in Nothofagus-dominated old-growth forests after partial disturbance: insights to overcome arrested succession. Forest Ecology and Management 445:26-36.

*Thyroff EC, Burney OT, Jacobs DF. 2019. Herbivory and competing vegetation interact as site limiting factors in maritime forest restoration. Forests 10, 950.

*Thyroff EC, Burney OT, Mickelbart MV, Jacobs DF. 2019. Unraveling shade tolerance and plasticity of semi-evergreen oaks: insights from maritime forest live oak restoration. Frontiers in Plant Science 10:1526.

*Toca A, ++Oliet JA, ++Villar-Salvador P, Martínez R, Jacobs DF. 2019. Ecologically distinct pine species show differential root development in response to varying seedling nitrogen reserves. Forest Ecology and Management 451:117562.

Wu, D, Feng J, Chu S, Jacobs DF, Tong X, Zhao Q, Chen X, ++Zeng S. 2019. Integrated application of sludge, earthworms and Jatropha curcas on abandoned rare-earth mine land soil. Chemosphere 214:47-54.

*Burney OT, Jacobs DF. 2018. Species selection – a fundamental silvicultural tool to promote forest regeneration under high animal browsing pressure. Forest Ecology and Management 408:67-74.

Chu S, Jacobs DF, *Sloan JL, Xue L, Wu D, ++Zeng S. 2018. Changes of soil properties under Eucalyptus plantations in reference to native Pinus massoniana plantations and natural broadleaved forests in South China. Journal of Forestry Research 29:1299-1306.

Chu S, Jacobs DF, Liao D, Liang LL, Wu D, Chen P, Lai C, Zhong F, ++Zeng S. 2018. Biomass growth, nutrient uptake and heavy metal removal differ by landscape plant species and application rate of sewage sludge compost. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25:35184–35199.

*Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF. 2018. Ecophysiological drivers of hardwood plantation diameter growth under non-limiting light conditions. Forest Ecology and Management 419-420:220-226.

*Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF. 2018. Reductions in net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance vary with time since leaf detachment in three deciduous angiosperms. Trees-Structure and Function 32:1247-1252.

Gustafson EJ, Sturtevant BR, +de Bruijn AMG, +Lichti NI, Jacobs, DF, Kashian DM, Miranda BR, Townsend PA. 2018. Forecasting effects of tree species reintroduction strategies on carbon stocks in a future without historical analog. Global Change Biology 24:5500-5517.

*Lesko J, Jacobs DF. 2018. Conversion of introduced conifer plantations to native hardwoods: Influences of light and nutrients on understory regeneration. New Forests 49:829-849.

Lie Z, Xue L, Jacobs DF. 2018. Allocation of forest biomass across broad precipitation gradients in China's forests. Scientific Reports 8:10536.

*Shi W, ++Villar-Salvador P, Jacobs DF, ++Li G., Jiang X. 2018. Simulated predation of Quercus variabilis acorns impairs seedling performance and nutrient remobilization irrespective of soil fertility. Plant and Soil 423:295-306.

Skousen J, Dallaire K, Scagline S, Monteleone A, Wilson-Kokes L, Joyce J, Thomas C, Keene T, DeLong C, Cook T, Jacobs DF. 2018. Plantation performance of chestnut hybrids and progenitors on reclaimed Appalachian surface mines. New Forests 49:599-611.

*Sloan JL, Jackson GS, Jacobs DF. 2018. Endogenous translocation patterns of current photosynthate in post-transplant Quercus rubra seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 48:1067–1072.

*Toca A, ++Oliet JA, ++Villar-Salvador P, Maroto J, Jacobs DF. 2018. Species ecology determines the role of nitrogen nutrition in the frost tolerance of pine seedlings. Tree Physiology 38:96-108.

Wagner RG, Gonzalez-Benecke CA, Nelson AS, Jacobs DF. 2018. Forest regeneration in changing environments. New Forests 49:699-703.

Wu D, Yu X, Chu S, Jacobs DF, Wei X, Wang C, Long F, Chen X, ++Zeng S. 2018. Alleviation of heavy metal phytotoxicity in sewage sludge by vermicomcposting with additive urban plant litters. Science of the Total Environment 633:71-80.

Espelta JM, Chirino E, Gil-Pelegrín E, Jacobs DF, Martín-Gómez P, Navarro-Cerrillo R, ++Oliet J, Vilagrosa A, ++Villar-Salvador P, Pemán J. 2017. Physiological keys for natural and artificial regeneration of oaks. pp. 453-511 In: Oak Physiological Ecology. Exploring the Functional Diversity of Genus Quercus L. Springer Publishers. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69099-5

Gustafson EJ, +de Bruijn A, +Lichti NI Jacobs DF, Sturtevant BR, Foster JR, Miranda BR, +Dalgleish HJ. 2017. The implications of American chestnut re-introduction on landscape dynamics and carbon storage. Ecosphere 8:e01773.

*Khurram S, Burney OT, Morrissey RC, Jacobs DF. 2017. Bottles to trees: plastic beverage bottles as an alternative nursery growing container for reforestation in developing countries. PLoS ONE 12: e0177904. 

*Owings CF, Jacobs DF, Shields JM, Saunders MR, Jenkins MA. 2017. Individual and interactive effects of white-tailed deer and an exotic shrub on artificial and natural regeneration in mixed hardwood forests. AoB Plants 9: plx024.

Pan J Jacobs DF, ++Li G. 2017. Combined effects of short day treatment and fall fertilization on growth, nutrient status and spring bud break of Pinus tabulaeformis seedlings. iForest 10:242-249.

Potter KM, Jetton RM, Bower A, Jacobs DF, Man G, Hipkins VD. 2017. Banking on the future: Progress, challenges and opportunities for the genetic conservation of forest trees. New Forests 48:153-180.

*Soto DP, Jacobs DF, Salas C, Donoso PJ, Fuentes C, Puettman KJ. 2017. Light and nitrogen interact to influence regeneration in old-growth Nothofagus-dominated forests in south-central Chile. Forest Ecology and Management 384:303-313.

Wallin E., Gräns D, Jacobs DF, Lindström A, Verhoef N. 2017. Short-day photoperiods affect expression of genes related to dormancy and freezing tolerance in Norway spruce seedlings. Annals of Forest Science 74:59.

Wu D, Chu S, Lai C, Mo Q, Jacobs DF, Chen X, ++Zeng S. 2017. Application rate and plant species affect sewage sludge utilization as landscape soil-amendments. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 27:138-147.

Yu Y, ++Zeng S, Wu D, Jacobs DF, +Sloan JL. 2017. Soil pH, organic matter, and nutrient content change with the continuous cropping of Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in South China. Journal of Soils and Sediments 17:2230-2238.

Yu W, Liu Y, Song L, Jacobs DF, Du X, ++Ying Y, Shao Q, Wu J. 2017. Effect of differential light quality on morphology, photosynthesis and antioxidant enzyme activity in Camptotheca acuminata seedlings. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 36:148-160.

+Dalgleish HJ, Nelson CD, Scrivani JA, Jacobs DF. 2016. Consequences of shifts in abundance and distribution of American chestnut for reintroduction of a foundation forest tree. Forests 7, 4.

*Crystal PA, +Lichti NI, Woeste KE, Jacobs DF. 2016. Discriminant analyses on vegetative versus adaptive traits predict different outcomes for restoration using hybrids. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:1741.

*Earnshaw KM, Barribault TW, Jacobs DF. 2016. Alternative field fertilization techniques to promote restoration of leguminous Acacia koa on contrasting tropical sites. Forest Ecology and Management 376:126-134.

++Li G, Wang J, ++Oliet JA, Jacobs DF. 2016. Collective fertilization at pre-hardening and in fall facilitates N storage and field performance of Pinus tabulaeformis seedlings. iForest 9:483-489.

*Sloan JL, +Islam MA, Jacobs DF. 2016. Reduced translocation of current photosynthate precedes changes in gas exchange for Quercus rubra seedlings under flooding stress. Tree Physiology 36:54-62.

+Sloan JL, +Uscola M, Jacobs DF. 2016. Nitrogen recovery in planted seedlings, competing vegetation, and soil in response to fertilization on a boreal mine reclamation site. Forest Ecology and Management 360:60-68.

*Sloan JL, Jacobs DF. 2016. Ontogeny influences developmental physiology of post-transplant Quercus rubra seedlings more than genotype. Annals of Forest Science 73:987-993.

*Bumgarner ML, +Salifu KF, Mickelbart MV, Jacobs DF. 2015. Effects of fertilization on media chemistry and Quercus rubra seedling development under subirrigation. HortScience 50:454-460.

Jacobs DF, ++Oliet JA, Aronson J, Bolte A, Bullock JM, Donoso PJ, Landhäusser SM, Madsen P, Peng S, Rey Benayas JM, Weber JC. 2015. Restoring forests: what constitutes success in the twenty-first century? New Forests 46:601-614.

++Mariotti B, Maltoni A, Jacobs DF, Tani A. 2015. Container effects on growth and biomass allocation in Quercus robur and Juglans regia seedlings. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 30:401-415.

++Mariotti B, Maltoni A, Jacobs DF, Tani A. 2015. Tree shelters affect shoot and root system growth and structure in Quercus robur during regeneration establishment. European Journal of Forest Research 134:641-652.

++Mariotti B, Maltoni A, Chiarabaglio PM, Giorcelli A, Jacobs DF, Tognetti R, Tani A. 2015. Can the use of large, alternative nursery containers aid in field establishment of Juglans regia and Quercus robur seedlings? New Forests 46:773-794.

Macdonald E, Landhäusser SM, Skousen J, Franklin J. Frouz J, Hall S, Jacobs DF, Quideau S. 2015. Forest restoration following surface mining disturbance: challenges and solutions. New Forests 46:703-732.

Thiffault N, Coll L, Jacobs DF. 2015. Natural regeneration after harvesting. Ch. 26 In Handbook of Forest Ecology. Routledge, Oxford, UK pp. 371-384.

+Uscola M, +Salifu KF, ++Oliet, JA, Jacobs DF. 2015. An exponential fertilization dose response model to promote restoration of the Mediterranean oak Quercus ilex. New Forests 46:795-812.

++Villar-Salvador P, +Uscola M, Jacobs DF. 2015. The role of carbohydrate and nitrogen remobilization in the growth and stress tolerance of planted forest trees. New Forests 46:813-839.

++Ying Y, Song L, Jacobs DF, Mei L, Liu P, Jin S, Wu J. 2015. Physiological response to drought stress in Camptotheca acuminata seedlings from two provenances. Frontiers in Plant Science 6:361.

*Brown CE, Mickelbart MV, Jacobs DF. 2014. Leaf physiology and biomass allocation of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) seedlings in response to light and water availability. Tree Physiology 34:1362-1375 (Cover image).

*Brown CE, Bailey BG, Saunders MR, Jacobs DF. 2014. Effects of root competition on development of oak and chestnut regeneration following midstory removal. Forestry 87:562-570.

*Crystal PA, Jacobs DF. 2014. Drought and flood stress tolerance of butternut (Juglans cinerea) and naturally occurring hybrids: Implications for restoration. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 44:1206-1216.

+de Bruijn A, Gustafson EJ, Sturtevant BR, Foster JR, Miranda BR, +Lichti NI, Jacobs DF. 2014. Toward more robust projections of forest landscape dynamics under novel environmental conditions: embedding PnET within LANDIS-II. Ecological Modelling 287:44-57.

+de Bruijn A, Gustafson EJ, Kashian DM, +Dalgleish HJ, Sturtevant BR, Jacobs DF. 2014. Decomposition rates of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) wood and implications for coarse woody debris pools. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 44:1575-1585.

*Goodman RC, ++Oliet JA, *Sloan JL, Jacobs DF. 2014. Nitrogen fertilization of black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) during plantation establishment. Physiology of production. European Journal of Forest Research 133:153-164.

++Löf M, Bolte A, Jacobs DF, Jensen MA. 2014. Nurse trees as a forest restoration tool for mixed plantations: Effects on competing vegetation and performance in target tree seedlings. Restoration Ecology 22:758-765.

*Miller AC, Woeste KE, Anagnostakis SL, Jacobs DF. 2014. Exploration of rare popuation of Chinese chestnut in North America: Stand dynamics, health, and genetic relationships. AoB Plants 6:plu065.

*Uscola M, ++Oliet JA, ++Villar-Salvador P, Díaz-Pinés E, Jacobs DF. 2014. Nitrogen form and concentration interact to affect the performance of two ecologically distinct Mediterranean forest trees. European Journal of Forest Research 133:235-246.

Vázquez de Castro A, ++Oliet JA, Puértolas J, Jacobs DF. 2014. Light transmissivity of tube shelters affects root growth and biomass allocation of Quercus ilex L. and Pinus halepensis Mill. Annals of Forest Science 71:91-99.

*Woolery PO, Jacobs DF. 2014. Planting stock type and seasonality of simulated browsing affect regeneration establishment of Quercus rubra. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 44:732-739.

*Burney OT, Jacobs DF. 2013. Ungulate herbivory of forest regeneration in relation to plant mineral nutrition and secondary metabolites. New Forests 44:753-768.

*Currey CJ, Torres AP, Lopez RG, Jacobs DF. 2013. The quality index – a new tool for integrating quantitative measurements to assess quality of young floriculture plants. Acta Horticulturae 1000:385-391.

Dranski JAL, ++Malavasi UC, ++Malavasi MM, Jacobs DF. 2013. Effect of ethephon on hardening of Pachystroma longifolium seedlings. Revista Árvore 3:401-407.

*Gauthier MM, *Zellers KE, ++Löf M, Jacobs DF. 2013. Inter- and intra-specific competitiveness of plantation-grown American chestnut (Castanea dentata). Forest Ecology and Management 291:289-299.

*Goodman RC, Pardillo G, ++Oliet JA, Jacobs DF. 2013. Nitrogen fertilization of black walnut (Juglans nigra) during plantation establishment. Morphology and production efficiency. Forest Science 59:453-463.

Haase DL., Jacobs DF. 2013. Nutrient dynamics of planted forests. New Forests 44:629-633.

Jacobs DF, +Dalgleish HJ, Nelson CD. 2013. A conceptual framework for restoration of threatened plants: the effective model of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) reintroduction. New Phytologist 197:378-393 (Tansley Review).

Mechergui T, Pardos M, Boussaidi N, Hasnaoui B, Jacobs DF. 2013. Development of cork oak (Quercus suber L.) seedlings in response to tree shelters and mulching in northwestern Tunisia. Journal of Forestry Research 24:193-204.

++Oliet, JA, Puértolas J, Planelles R, Jacobs DF. 2013. Nutrient loading of forest tree seedlings to promote stress resistance and field performance: A Mediterranean perspective. New Forests 44:649-669.

+Sloan JL, Jacobs DF. 2013. Fertilization at planting influences seedling growth and vegetative competition on a post-mining boreal reclamation site. New Forests 44:687-701.

Tsakaldimi M, Ganatsas P, Jacobs DF. 2013. Prediction of planted seedling survival of five Mediterranean species based on initial seedling morphology. New Forests 44:327-339.

++Villar-Salvador P, Peñuelas JL, Jacobs DF. 2013. Nitrogen nutrition and drought hardening exert opposite effects on the stress tolerance of Pinus pinea L. seedlings. Tree Physiology 33:221-232.

Wei H, Duan J, Xu C, Jacobs DF, Ma L, Jiang L. 2013. Exponential nutrient loading shortens the cultural period of Larix olgensis seedlings. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 28:409-418.

++Zeng SC, Jacobs DF, *Sloan JL, Xue L, Li Y, Chu S. 2013. Split fertilizer application affects growth, biomass allocation, and fertilizer uptake efficiency of hybrid Eucalyptus. New Forests 44:703-718.

*Burney OT, Jacobs DF. 2012. Terpene production and growth of three Pacific Northwest conifers in response to simulated browse and nutrient availability. Trees: Structure and Function 26:1331-1342.

*Burney OT, Davis AS, Jacobs DF. 2012. Phenology of foliar and volatile terpenoid production for Thuja plicata families under differential nutrient availability. Environmental and Experimental Botany 77:44-52.

*Davis AS, Jacobs DF, Dumroese RK. 2012. Challenging a paradigm: Toward integrating indigenous species into tropical plantation forestry. pp. 293-298 In Forest Landscape Restoration. Springer Publishers.

Dey DC, Gardiner ES, Schweitzer CJ, Kabrick JM, Jacobs DF. 2012. Underplanting to sustain future stocking of oak (Quercus) in temperate deciduous forests.  New Forests 43:955-978.

Franklin JA, Zipper C, Burger J, Skousen J, Jacobs DF. 2012. Influence of herbaceous ground cover on forest restoration of eastern US coal surface mines. New Forests 43:905-924.

Jacobs DF, *Goodman RC, Gardiner ES, +Salifu KF, Overton RP, Hernandez G. 2012. Nursery stock quality as an indicator of bottomland hardwood forest restoration success in the Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Valley. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 27:255-269.

Kabrick JM, Dey DC, Van Sambeek J, Coggeshall MV, Jacobs DF. 2012. Quantifying hardwood seedling flood tolerance in an outdoor flood tolerance laboratory for bottomland restoration. New Forests 43:695-710.

++Löf M, Dey DC, Navarro RM, Jacobs DF. 2012. Mechanical site preparation for forest restoration. New Forests 43:825-848.

Maltoni A, ++Mariotti B, Jacobs DF, Tani A. 2012. Pruning methods to restore Castanea sativa stands attacked by Dryocosmus kuriphilus. New Forests 43:869-885.

*Morrissey RC, King NT, Seifert JR, Jacobs DF. 2012. Structural and compositional dynamics of a near-natural temperate deciduous forest in the central United States. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 139:379-391.

++Oliet JA, Jacobs DF. 2012. Restoring forests: advances in techniques and theory. New Forests 408:535-541.

Puértolas J, Jacobs DF, Benito LF, Peñuelas JL. 2012. Cost-benefit analysis of different container capacities and fertilization regimes in Pinus stock-type production for forest restoration in dry Mediterranean areas. Ecological Engineering 44:210-215.

*Sloan JL, Jacobs DF. 2012. Leaf physiology and sugar concentrations of transplanted Quercus rubra seedlings along nutrient and water availability gradients. New Forests 43:779-790.

*Wilson BC, Jacobs DF. 2012. Chlorophyll fluorescence of stem cambial tissue reflects dormancy development in Juglans nigra seedlings. New Forests 43:771-778.

Xue L, Jacobs DF, Zeng SC, Liu B, Yang ZY. 2012. Relationship between aboveground biomass allocation and stand density index in Populus × euroamericana stands. Forestry 85: 611-619.

*Burney OT, Jacobs DF. 2011. Ungulate herbivory patterns among regenerating conifers in relation to foliar nutrition and terpenoid production.  Forest Ecology and Management 262:1834-1845.

Dumroese RK, *Davis AS, Jacobs DF. 2011. Nursery response of Acacia koa seedlings to container size, irrigation method, and fertilization rate. Journal of Plant Nutrition 34:877-887.

*Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF. 2011. Walnut (Juglans spp.) ecophysiology in response to environmental stresses and potential acclimation to climate change. Annals of Forest Science 68:1277-1290.

Jacobs DF. 2011. Reforestation of a salvage-logged high-elevation clearcut: Engelmann spruce seedling response to tree shelters after eleven growing seasons. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 26:53-56.

*Schmal JL, Jacobs DF, O’Reilly C. 2011. Nitrogen budgeting and quality of exponentially fertilized Quercus robur seedlings in Ireland. European Journal of Forest Research 130:557-567.

Woeste KE, Jacobs DF, McKenna JR. 2011. Half-sib seed source and nursery sowing density affect black walnut (Juglans nigra) growth after five years. New Forests 41:235-245.

*Woolery PO, Jacobs DF. 2011. Photosynthetic assimilation and carbohydrate allocation of Quercus rubra seedlings in response to simulated herbivory. Annals of Forest Science 68:617-624.

Cuesta B, ++Villar-Salvador P, Puértolas J, Jacobs DF, Rey Benayas JM. 2010. Why do large, nitrogen rich seedlings better resist stressful transplanting conditions? A physiological analysis in two functionally contrasting Mediterranean forest species. Forest Ecology and Management 260:71-78.

Dey DC, Gardiner ES, Kabrick JM, Stanturf JA, Jacobs DF. 2010. Innovations in afforestation of agricultural bottomlands to restore native forests in the eastern United States. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 25:31-42.

*Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF. 2010. Ecophysiological responses of black walnut (Juglans nigra) to plantation thinning along a vertical canopy gradient. Forest Ecology and Management 259:867-874.

*Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF. 2010. Northern red oak, white oak, and black walnut diameter growth for the first three years after thinning in a mixed planting. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 27:110-116.

Maltoni A, ++Mariotti B, Tani A, Jacobs DF. 2010. Relation of Fraxinus excelsior seedling morphological attributes to growth and root proliferation during field establishment. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 25:60-67.

*Morrissey RC, Jacobs DF, *Davis AS, Rathfon RA. 2010. Survival and competitiveness of Quercus rubra regeneration associated with planting stocktype and harvest opening intensity. New Forests 40:273-287.

*Morrissey RC, Jacobs DF, Seifert JR, ++Kershaw JA. 2010. Overstory species composition of naturally regenerated clearcuts in an ecological classification framework. Plant Ecology 208:21-34.

Puértolas J, ++Oliet JA, Jacobs DF, Benito LF, Peñuelas JL. 2010. Is light the key factor for success of tube shelters in forest restoration plantings under Mediterranean climates? Forest Ecology and Management 260:610-617.

+Apostol KG, Jacobs DF, Dumroese RK. 2009. Root desiccation and drought stress responses of bareroot Quercus rubra seedlings treated with a hydrophilic polymer root dip. Plant and Soil 315:229-240.

*Burney OT, Jacobs DF. 2009. Influence of sulfometuron methyl on conifer seedling root development. New Forests 37:85-97.

Dumroese RK, Jacobs DF, *Davis AS. 2009. Inoculating Acacia koa with Bradyrhizobium and applying fertilizer in the nursery: effects on nodule formation and seedling growth. HortScience 44:443-446.

*Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF. 2009. Short-term physiological responses of black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) to plantation thinning. Forest Science 55:221-229.

**Goodman RC, Jacobs DF, +Apostol KG, *Wilson BC, Gardiner ES. 2009. Winter variation in physiological status of cold stored and freshly lifted semi-evergreen Quercus nigra seedlings. Annals of Forest Science 66:103.

+Islam MA, +Apostol KG, Jacobs DF, Dumroese RK. 2009. Fall fertilization of Pinus resinosa seedlings: nutrient uptake, cold hardiness, and morphological development. Annals of Forest Science 66:704.

Jacobs DF, +Salifu KF, *Davis AS. 2009. Drought susceptibility and recovery of transplanted Quercus rubra seedlings in relation to root system morphology. Annals of Forest Science 66:504.

Jacobs DF, Selig MF, Severeid LR. 2009. Aboveground carbon biomass of plantation-grown American chestnut (Castanea dentata) in absence of blight. Forest Ecology and Management 258:288-294.

*Morrissey RC, *Gauthier MM, Jacobs DF, ++Kershaw JA, Seifert JR, Fischer BC. 2009. Grapevine (Vitis spp.) dynamics in association with manual tending, physiography, and host tree associations in temperate deciduous forests. Forest Ecology and Management 257:1839-1846.

*Nicodemus MA, +Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. 2009. Influence of lanthanum level and interactions with nitrogen source on early development of Juglans nigra. Journal of Rare Earths 27:270-279.

++Oliet JA, Planelles R, Artero F, Valverde R, Jacobs DF, Segura ML. 2009. Relative influence of seedling morphology and mineral nutrition on long-term field performance of Pinus halepensis in Mediterranean semiarid conditions. New Forests 37:313-331.

++Oliet JA, Tejada M, +Salifu KF, Collazos A, Jacobs DF. 2009. Growth and nutrient allocation in Quercus ilex seedlings in relation to nursery nutrient loading and post trans-plant fertility. European Journal of Forest Research. 128:253-263.

+Salifu KF, +Islam MA, Jacobs DF. 2009. Retranslocation, plant and soil recovery of nitrogen-15 applied to bareroot Juglans nigra seedlings. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 40:1408-1417.

+Salifu KF, Jacobs DF, *Birge ZKD. 2009. Nursery nitrogen loading improves field performance of bareroot oak seedlings planted on abandoned mine land. Restoration Ecology 17:339-349.

*Bumgarner ML, +Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. 2008. Subirrigation of Quercus rubra seedlings: nursery stock quality, media chemistry, and early field performance. HortScience 43:2179-2185.

*Davis AS, Jacobs DF, Overton RP, Dumroese RK. 2008. Influence of irrigation method and container type on Quercus rubra seedling growth and media electrical conductivity. Native Plants Journal 9:4-13.

Dey DC, Jacobs DF, McNabb K, Miller GW, Baldwin VC, Foster GS. 2008. Artificial regeneration of major oak (Quercus) species in the eastern United States – a review of the literature. Forest Science 54:77-106.

+Islam MA, Jacobs DF, +Apostol KG, Dumroese RK. 2008. Transient physiological responses of planting frozen root plugs of Douglas-fir seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38:1517-1525.

Jacobs, DF, *Davis AS, *Wilson BC, Dumroese RK, **Goodman RC, +Salifu KF.  2008. Short-day treatment alters Douglas-fir seedling dehardening and transplant root proliferation at varying rhizosphere temperatures. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38:1526-1535.

Jacobs DF, *Wilson BC, +Ross-Davis AL, *Davis AS. 2008. Cold hardiness and transplant response of Juglans nigra seedlings subjected to alternative storage regimes. Annals of Forest Science 65:606.

*Morrissey RC, Jacobs DF, Seifert JR, Fischer BC, +Kershaw JA. 2008. Competitive success of natural oak regeneration in clearcuts during the stem exclusion stage. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38:1419-1430.

*Nicodemus MA, +Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. 2008. Nitrate reductase activity and nitrogen compounds in xylem exudate of Juglans nigra:  relation to nitrogen source and supply. Trees-Structure and Function 22:685-695.

*Nicodemus MA, +Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. 2008. Growth, nutrition, and photosynthetic response of Juglans nigra to varying nitrogen source and rate. Journal of Plant Nutrition 31:1917-1936.

+Salifu KF, +Apostol KG, Jacobs DF, +Islam MA. 2008. Growth, physiology, and nutrient retranslocation in nitrogen-15 fertilized Quercus rubra seedlings. Annals of Forest Science 65:101.

**Sloan JL, Jacobs DF. 2008. Carbon translocation patterns associated with new root proliferation during episodic growth of transplanted Quercus rubra seedlings. Tree Physiology 28:1121-1126.

+Apostol KG, Jacobs DF, *Wilson BC, +Salifu KF, Dumroese RK. 2007. Growth, gas exchange and root respiration of Quercus rubra seedlings exposed to low root zone temperatures. Forest Ecology and Management 253:89-96.

*Davis AS, Jacobs DF, +Wightman KE. 2007. Organic matter amendment of fallow forest seedling tree nursery soils influences soil properties and biomass of a sorghum cover crop. Tree Planters’ Notes 52:4-8.

Haase DL, Alzugaray PO, Rose R, Jacobs DF. 2007. Nutrient release patterns of controlled-release fertilizers in forest soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 38:739-750.

Jacobs DF. 2007. Toward development of silvical strategies for forest restoration of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) using blight-resistant hybrids. Biological Conservation 137:497-506.

++Oliet J, Jacobs DF. 2007. Microclimatic conditions and plant morph-physiological development within a tree shelter environment during establishment of Quercus ilex seedlings. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 144:58-72.

*Birge ZKD, +Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. 2006. Modified exponential nitrogen loading to promote morphological quality and nutrient storage of bareroot-cultured Quercus rubra and Quercus alba seedlings. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 21:306-316

*Davis AS, Jacobs DF, +Wightman KE, *Birge ZKD. 2006. Organic matter added to bareroot nursery beds influences soil properties and morphology of Fraxinus pennsylvanica and Quercus rubra seedlings. New Forests 31:293-303. 

Jacobs DF, Woeste KE, *Wilson BC, McKenna JR. 2006. Stock quality of black walnut (Juglans nigra) seedlings as affected by half-sib seed source and nursery sowing density. Acta Horticulturae 705:375-381.

Michler CH. Pijut PM, Jacobs DF, Meilan R, Woeste KE, Ostry ME. 2006. Improving disease resistance of butternut (Juglans cinerea), a threatened fine hardwood: a case for single-tree selection through genetic improvement. Tree Physiology 26:121-128.

+Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. 2006. Characterizing fertility targets and multi-element interactions for exponential nutrient loading of Quercus rubra seedlings. Annals of Forest Science 63:231-237.

+Salifu KF, Jacobs DF, Pardillo G, Schott M. 2006. Response of grafted Juglans nigra to increasing nutrient availability: growth, nutrition and nutrient retention in root plugs. HortScience 41:1477-1480.

+Salifu KF, *Nicodemus MA, Jacobs DF, *Davis AS. 2006. Evaluating chemical indices of
growing media for nursery production of Quercus rubra seedlings. HortScience 41:1342-1346.

Seifert JR, Jacobs DF, Selig MF. 2006. Influence of seasonal planting date on field performance of six temperate deciduous forest tree species. Forest Ecology and Management 223:371-378.

*Wilson BC, Jacobs DF. 2006. Quality assessment of temperate zone deciduous hardwood seedlings. New Forests 31:417-433.

*Davis AS, Jacobs DF. 2005. Quantifying root system quality of nursery seedlings and relationship to outplanting performance. New Forests 30:235-251.

Dumroese RK, Page-Dumroese DS, +Salifu KF, Jacobs DF. 2005. Exponential fertilization of Pinus monticola seedlings: nutrient uptake efficiency, leaching fractions, and early outplanting performance. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:2961-2967.

**Goodman RC, Jacobs DF, Karrfalt RP. 2005. Evaluating desiccation sensitivity of Quercus rubra acorns using X-ray image analysis. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:2823-2831.

Jacobs DF, *Davis AS. 2005. Genetic considerations in the operational production of hardwood nursery stock in the eastern USA. Native Plants Journal 6:4-13.

Jacobs DF, Timmer VR. 2005. Fertilizer-induced changes in rhizosphere electrical conductivity: relation to forest tree seedling root system growth and function. New Forests 30:147-166.

Jacobs DF, Haase DL, Rose R. 2005. Growth and foliar nutrition of Douglas-fir seedlings provided with supplemental polymer-coated fertilizer. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 20:58-63.

Jacobs DF, +Salifu KF, Seifert JR. 2005. Growth and nutritional response of hardwood seedlings to controlled-release fertilization at outplanting. Forest Ecology and Management 214:28-39.

Jacobs DF, +Salifu KF, Seifert JR. 2005. Relative contribution of initial root and shoot morphology in predicting field performance of hardwood seedlings. New Forests 30:295-311.

++Oliet J, Planelles R, Caballero FA, Jacobs DF. 2005. Nursery fertilization and tree shelters affect long-term field response of Acacia salicina L. seedlings planted in Mediterranean semiarid conditions. Forest Ecology and Management 215:339-351.

+Ross-Davis AL, Broussard SR, Jacobs DF, *Davis AS. 2005. Afforestation behavior of private landowners: an examination of hardwood tree plantings in Indiana. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 22:149-153.

Jacobs DF, Rose R, Haase DL, Alzugaray PO. 2004. Fertilization at planting inhibits root system development and drought avoidance of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings. Annals of Forest Science 61:643-651.

Jacobs DF, +Ross-Davis AL, *Davis AS. 2004. Establishment success of conservation tree plantations in relation to silvicultural practices in Indiana, USA. New Forests 28: 23-36.

Jacobs DF, Severeid LR. 2004. Dominance of interplanted American chestnut (Castanea dentata) in southwestern Wisconsin, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 191:111-120.

++Oliet J, Planelles R, Segura ML, Artero F, Jacobs DF. 2004. Mineral nutrition and growth of containerized Pinus halepensis seedlings under controlled-release fertilizer. Scientia Horticulturae 103:113-129.

++Villar-Salvador P, Planelles R, ++Oliet J, Peñuelas-Rubira JL, Jacobs DF, González M. 2004. Drought tolerance and transplanting performance of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) seedlings after drought hardening in the nursery. Tree Physiology 24:1147–1155.

Jacobs DF, Rose R, Haase DL. 2003. Development of Douglas-fir seedling root architecture in response to localized nutrient supply. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33:118-125.

Jacobs DF, Rose R, Haase DL, Morgan P. 2003. Influence of nursery soil amendments on water relations, root architectural development, and field performance of Douglas-fir transplants. New Forests 26:263-277.

Jacobs DF, Steinbeck K. 2001. Tree shelters improve the survival and growth of planted Engelmann spruce seedlings in southwestern Colorado. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 16:114-120.


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